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PJB-2020-426

Enhancing the defensive power of plants through the application of some potential elicitors, silver (Ag) and copper (Cu) nanoparticles: regulation of secondary metabolism

Afifa Zaeem, Rabbia Mudasser and Matiullah Khan
DOI:10.30848/PJB2022-2(31)


Abstract

Secondary metabolites are biologically active compounds synthesized by plants necessarily for defense. These secondary metabolites are very vital because of their tremendous use in the pharmaceutical industry. They have wide-ranging applications in drug development and medical science. However, the production rate of these compounds in plants is limited and increasing demand in medicine requires enhanced production of secondary metabolites. To compact this low potential, the secondary metabolite production is manipulated by In vitro practice of plant tissue culture. In these procedures, plant cells are grown in various biotic and abiotic stressors as elicitors. From them, the most recently used are nanoparticles (NPs), because of their interesting and unique nature. They are of different types depending on the nature of the composition element. This review article mainly focuses on silver (Ag) and copper (Cu) NPs as active plant elicitors in stimulating essential In vitro secondary metabolite production. Ag and Cu NPs are being extensively explored in recent researches. The review basically outlines and summarizes the major recent studies conducted on different plant species for industrial level metabolite productions by Ag and Cu NPs during the last years. The enhanced production of secondary metabolites via Ag and Cu NPs is not reported previously, thus this review will help in further understanding of the role of specific NPs in triggering vital secondary metabolites in plants

To Cite this article: Zaeem, A., R. Mudasser and M. Khan. 2022. Enhancing the defensive power of plants through the application of some potential elicitors, silver (Ag) and copper (Cu) nanoparticles: regulation of secondary metabolism. Pak. J. Bot., 54(2): DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30848/PJB2022-2(31)  
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