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Thursday, March 30, 2017

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Some morphological characteristics of fruits and leaves of Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. genotypes from southern Oltenia

Ana-Maria Stoenescu and Sina Niculina Cosmulescu


The purpose of this paper was to identify and analyse the morphological characteristics of European crab apple fruits and leaves within a forest ecosystem from South-West part of Oltenia region, Romania. Genotypes were studied for their individual characteristics, fruit morphological characteristics, and leaf morphometric parameters. In terms of fruit characteristics the fruit height ranged between 16.64 mm – 35.47 mm, fruit diameter between 19.47 mm – 43.38 mm and fruit weight between 3 g to 26 g. Fruit shape index, had a mean value of 0.84, and variation limits between 0.61 to 1.12. The coefficient of variation had values between 6.83 – 13.33% for fruit height, 4.93 – 14.76% for fruit diameter, 14.10 – 41.70% for fruit weight and 4.87 – 8.00 for fruit shape index. The leaves morphometric characteristics varied between 8.02 cm2 and 48.48 cm2 for leaf surface area, 3.86 cm to 10.00 cm for leaf length and 2.67 cm to 6.11 cm for leaf width. The coefficient of variation ranged between 9.63 – 21.25% for leaf surface area, 7.50 – 12.26% for leaf length, 6.57 – 12.80% for leaf width and 7.43 – 14.87% for leaf length/width ratio. Variability identified from one genotype to another indicates potential for selection of individuals with superior characteristics

To Cite this article: Stoenescu, A.M. and S.N. Cosmulescu. 2022. Some morphological characteristics of fruits and leaves of Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. genotypes from southern Oltenia. Pak. J. Bot., 54(2): DOI:  

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