Phytochemical study of Crambe tatarica Sebeok, a promising source of medicinal plant extracts
Turalin Bauyrzhan, Kurbatova Natalya, Inelova Zarina, Kupriyanov Andrey, Kurmanbayeva Мeruert, Abidkulova Кarime and Bazargaliyeva Aliya
The article presents the results of a phytochemical study of Crambe tatarica Sebeok, a promising plant of the family Brassicaceae growing in Western Kazakhstan. The results of qualitative and quantitative analyses confirmed that the aboveground parts of C. tatarica are richer in alkaloids, carotenoids, monosaccharides (glucose, galactose, rhamnose, mannose, xylose, arabinose, and rutinose) and phospholipids than the root system. In the roots of C. tatarica, a higher content of tannins has been recorded (2,3-O-hexaoxidifenoyl-4,6-O-sanguisorbil-D-glucose, 2,3-di-O-galloyl-D-glucose, 1,2,4-tri-O-galloyl-b-D-glucose), coumarins (4,5-dioxycoumarin, 7-hydroxycoumarin, scopoletin), polysaccharides, triterpenoids, phenolic and hydroxycinnamic acids (gallic, caffeic, ferulic, lilac, gentisic, vanillic, o-cumaric) and flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin, gossipetin, myricetin, (+)-catechin, 3-О a-L-rhamnopyranoside kaempferol). Regardless of the place of growth, the Kazakh species C. tatarica contains alkaloids, tannins of the hydrolyzable type, carotenoids, coumarins, polysaccharides, triterpenoids, phenolic acids, flavonoids and phospholipids. We studied antibacterial and fungicidal activity of the aqueous, alcohol and acetone extracts of the aboveground parts and roots of C. tatarica. We found that certain concentrations of these extracts had both bactericidal and fungicidal activity. The highest activity of the tested samples of acetone extracts was shown against the test strain S. aureus ATCC 6538-P. Thus, acetone extracts of the aboveground parts and roots of C. tatarica were active against staphylococcus at a concentration of 0.78 mg / ml, where 0.9% saline was used as a solvent. When dissolved in 96% ethanol, acetone extracts also showed increased activity against the museum test strain of S. aureus ATCC 6538-P. Extracts from the aboveground parts and roots of C. tatarica had fungicidal activity against Candida albicans ATCC 10231 at concentrations of 0.78 mg / ml 12.5 mg / ml, respectively (96% ethanol was used as a solvent).
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