FIRST REPORT OF POSTHARVEST DECAY OF ACTINIDIA DELICIOSA CAUSED BY PENICILLIUM EXPANSUM IN PAKISTAN
Actinidia deliciosa A. Chev. (Kiwifruit) has been known for its highnutritional and medicinal values. It contains several phytoconstituents which belongs to the class of phenylpropanoids, flavonoids, triterpenoids, steroids and quinones. During November/December 2016 in Lahore, Pakistan, postharvest decay was observed on Kiwifruit after 15 days of storage at 5 °C. Blue green fungal mass was observed on infected fruit surface, followed by soft, watery and pale yellow to light brown colored lesions.Based on physiological characteristics andBLAST analysis, fungus was identified as Penicillium expansum (Link). The pathogenicity was verified with Koch’s postulates. As per our knowledge, this is the first description of postharvest decay of kiwifruit caused by P. expansum in Pakistan.
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